|Place||Name||Characteristic in the rating|
|The best acrylic water-based paint|
|one||Sniezka Eko (10 l)||Hypoallergenic composition|
|2||Alpina Renova (10 l)||The optimum ratio of price and quality|
|3||PARADE W4 (9 l)||Durable coating|
|four||Farbitex Profi (14 kg)||Low price. Economic consumption from 90 g/m2|
|The best silicate water-based paint|
|one||TIKKURILA Finngard SILIKAATTIMAALI (18L)||Best heat resistance range|
|2||Ceresit ST 54 (15 kg)||High quality. Does not deteriorate from moisture and sunlight|
|3||Dulux Bindo Flame retardant matte (9 l)||For rooms with increased requirements for fire safety|
|four||PUFAS Fassaden-Silikat (10 l)||Low consumption|
|The best silicone water-based paint|
|one||Ceresit CT 48 (15 l)||Favorable value for money|
|2||Tikkurila Novasil (2.7 l)||Will last 20 years|
|3||Alpina Expert (15 kg)||Not afraid of environmental influences|
|four||Caparol CapaSilan (2.5 kg)||Forms a perfectly even coating without stripes and joints|
Interior decoration is one of the most important stages of renovation. To do a brilliant job, you will need not only skill, but also high-quality materials. For painting walls and ceilings, you can find a huge selection of water-based paints: acrylic, silicate, silicone, etc. Despite the fact that they differ in their properties and quality, they are all popular with both professionals and amateurs. The secret is simple – they are very convenient to use. Even if you do not have much experience with paints, with such materials you can easily eliminate wall defects and turn the room into a cozy and beautiful room.
The best paint manufacturers for walls and ceilings
is a Finnish manufacturer of coatings, which has taken a leading position in the market. For more than 150 years, it has been producing high-quality and environmentally friendly formulations for any purpose and surface.
– a German brand whose products are famous not only for quality, but also for ease of use. Paints ideally lay down on any bases, do not form streaks and perfectly cover the base.
is a Russian company whose products are not inferior in quality to European ones. The compositions have everything you need: optimal consistency, excellent color palette, environmental friendliness, wear resistance.
is a German brand that has become number 1 in Russia. The company produces not only coatings, but also other repair materials with excellent value for money.
is one of the leading manufacturers of paints and varnishes in Poland and Europe. Products are famous for their quality, durability and affordable prices.
What to consider when choosing
It is not necessary to take into account the cost of the material as the main criterion when choosing paintwork materials. Inexpensive paint can give both a positive and a negative, low-quality effect. The first thing you should pay attention to is the hiding power of the paint. The higher this indicator, the better – high hiding power guarantees economical consumption of material, when you can carefully paint over the surface with one layer, not several. The cost of repairs depends on the consumption of paintwork materials.
Another important criterion is the service life of the coating. It is recommended to choose compositions with a water and dirt-repellent effect, as well as materials resistant to ultraviolet radiation, under the influence of which they will not fade.
When choosing a paint, take into account the microclimate of the room in which the repair is to be done. Not every product withstands the test of high humidity and temperature extremes.
How to choose paint for walls and ceilings
There are no universal compositions, so each room requires its own type of coating. When choosing paint for walls and ceilings, experts advise paying attention to:
The coating should not crumble and quickly lose its attractive appearance. The minimum service life is at least 5 years.
- Wash resistant.
No matter how carefully you move around the house, the walls get dirty and need to be washed regularly. That is why we recommend taking a closer look at washable mixtures.
- Environmental friendliness.
If you plan to paint a living room, then pay attention to the composition – it should not contain aggressive solvents and other hazardous components. In addition, for interior work it is better to choose hypoallergenic odorless options.
- Waterproof and lightfast.
The indicators are especially relevant if you are choosing paint for finishing a kitchen or rooms located on the sunny side.
Pay attention to the consumption in order to adequately calculate the required amount of paint – on average, one liter should be enough to process at least 5-6 square meters. m.
Below are tips on how to choose the best and most durable models.
- If you take for finishing a children’s room, then the choice of slate paint will be the original option. Provides potential for creativity. On the walls, the child will draw and wash off the pictures. The kids will love it.
- If the room has high humidity and temperature differences, it is better to choose silicone or silicate, it shows high quality in aggressive environments.
- If you take for a bedroom or for a room with little pollution, choose latex ones. They do not tolerate wet cleaning, if washed often, they will lose their color and appearance.
- Purchase. There are two options: choose directly from the hardware store or order online. Where to buy it is better to say for sure. Most importantly, check the expiration date and tightness of the package before buying.
Pros of using
The coloring matter that forms the washable coating has a number of positive qualities:
- perfect adhesion (adhesion to the base);
- there are no difficulties with repainting;
- there are no organic solvents that emit a specific odor;
- safety for allergic people;
- susceptibility to wet cleaning.
As a result of drying, the surface is breathable, as a result, the inner layer dries well and will not be a hotbed for the reproduction of fungi and mold.
Washable paint pigmentation in bright blue Source sp-climate.com
What paints are used for exterior painting of a wooden house
Facade paints differ primarily in the composition of the film-forming components. And the type of solvent, the possibility of tinting and other parameters depend on them.
Antiseptic impregnations are often used to treat the walls of the house. They, too, can with good reason be considered full-fledged paints. Antiseptics are glazing and covering. Glazing antiseptics create a transparent coating that brings out the texture and color of the wood.
Coating antiseptics create an opaque coating on the surface, but retain the relief of wood.
Antiseptics are very convenient for covering facades made of planed or polished wood of valuable varieties, which have their own pronounced pattern and beautiful texture. Antiseptics are good because they penetrate deep into the solid wood. The compositions dry very quickly and in most cases for full protection it is enough to cover the wood with two layers of impregnation. But such processing can only be performed on a fresh tree that has not been painted before.
Antiseptic impregnation should be repeated once every 2-3 years. But there are expensive tools that can be updated every 5 to 6 years. As a rule, they belong to the category of azures or colored impregnations and, together with the protective one, play a decorative role. The composition of many impregnations includes substances that delay ultraviolet radiation, the tree after such treatment does not darken and does not change color.
Acrylic or acrylate paints
The most fashionable and modern paints for external finishing of facades. Produced in the form of emulsions and dispersions, water-soluble. In most cases, these paints are based on acrylic resins or acrylic copolymers. Artificial or natural rubbers, antiseptics and fungicides can be added to the number of components. They are sold in the form of a white or transparent base with varying degrees of gloss – matte, glossy, semi-gloss.
A number of pigments and dyes have been developed for acrylic paints, with which they can be tinted to any desired color and shade. Some dye catalogs have up to 20,000 color solutions. But when buying such a paint, it is advisable to choose a pigment from a fan of colors from the same manufacturer. Most factories keep the chemical composition of their paints a secret, so there may be various reactions between products of different brands.
Of course, there will be no explosion, but the paint will dry for too long, blister or quickly burn out and change color. To avoid such “surprises”, it is better to buy a product of the same brand or check the paint and pigment for compatibility. Most serious stores will tell you what to mix with what. It is best to do the tinting of the composition right in the store, it is especially convenient if there is a tinting machine and a color studio is working.
- provide a wide range of colors;
- have excellent adhesion to wood;
- have no smell;
- absolutely safe in terms of fire;
- environmentally friendly and non-allergenic.
But they have a significant drawback – they are quite expensive, at least significantly more expensive than alkyd and oil.
These are well-known compounds that have been used to paint wooden walls for many years. Created on the basis of polycondensation resins, united under the same name “alkyd”, the paints are distinguished by a relatively low production cost, excellent covering ability, and a high level of adhesion to wood. Moreover, you can paint both polished, planed or sawn wood, as well as logs from which the bark has just been removed.
Alkyd paints form a dense and durable highly elastic film that responds very well to temperature changes in wood and does not crack during drying, thermal expansion or other size changes. When covering wood in two layers, the film becomes waterproof and slightly vapor permeable. Therefore, it is recommended to paint with alkyd paints only dry wood.
Some of the manufacturers include antiseptics and flame retardants in the composition of alkyd paints. You must find out about their presence in the instructions for the paint before using it. If there are no such components, then the walls must be additionally processed before painting. This somewhat increases the cost of painting, but the life of the coating and the house as a whole increases several times.
Alkyd paints usually come in a fixed range of colors, but changing the shade is quite simple – you need to mix two or more paints in a certain proportion in order to change the color in the right direction. The quality of the finish coating does not change. But, as in the case of acrylics, it is advisable to use only paints from one manufacturer for mixing.
In recent years, the world’s leading manufacturers have also offered colorless alkyd paints, which are tinted in the same way as acrylic paints. This is very convenient, especially when painting a new house, when the question is acute, what is the best way to paint a wooden house on the outside so that it stands out from its neighbors, even those built according to the same project, which is often in cottage villages.
Alkyd paints are a full-fledged competitor to acrylic in quality. They lose only in fire safety, and even then only during storage and work – it requires compliance with rather strict rules of behavior with fire and heating devices. But after drying, the paint layer becomes almost non-combustible. However, due to the rapid drying, the paint does not have time to penetrate deeply into the wood, which negatively affects its durability. Alkyd paints have good frost resistance and are able to withstand temperatures below -300C.
Solvents for paints on alkyd resins are white spirit, solvent and similar weak organic solvents. They are moderately toxic and flammable, which also requires compliance with safety regulations during work. Although gasoline and kerosene are also well diluted with alkyd paints, their use is undesirable – the color fades somewhat, and the gloss may change towards increasing haze.
For a long time, oil formulations, the diluent of which is drying oil or other natural oils, were a serious competitor to alkyd ones. But in recent decades, an increasing number of manufacturers have abandoned them – the paints are quite difficult to use, dry for a long time, and the characteristics of the finish coat are inferior to most modern compositions.
Despite their shortcomings, these paints are the most budget option. Once applied to the wood, the paint is perfectly absorbed and creates a weather-resistant coating.
Basically, the disadvantages of operation can be attributed to the existing specific varieties of washable paint. For example:
- microparticles of dust are strongly eaten into the matte surface, which are difficult to remove during wiping;
- monochromatic mixtures have exceptionally cool shades. Not all of them are suitable for residential use;
- textured washable paint is expensive, requires mandatory skill when applying it;
- subject to mechanical influences: wiping, scratches, impacts. Spots, cracks and chips appear at the site of damage.
Therefore, before using, everyone must compare for themselves, all the pros and cons, decide on which surface the paintwork will be applied.
Decorative paints are environmentally friendly and can be used to cover walls in any premises and for finishing facades of buildings. Most of the range produced by manufacturers is moisture resistant and can be used to create interiors in bathrooms and kitchens. The surfaces covered with them can be washed. This will not prevent them from retaining their brightness and texture.
In hospitals and industrial premises, decorative paints with increased chemical resistance are used to cover the surface of walls.
An American company with a rich history. The company was founded more than a hundred years ago on the American continent. Today it is the world’s largest manufacturer and supplier of paints and varnishes. This is the first company that has patented sealed packaging for the storage of varnishes, paints and other similar products. This made a revolution in 1977, when the manufacturer was the first to produce paint in a new package.
The manufacturer has a global distribution network and is the owner of more than one brand. Paints SHERWIN-WILLIAMS widely known in Latin America, Great Britain, Switzerland, Ireland, Australia, Korea, Japan and many other countries. This international corporation has spread its influence and is truly the leader and the best manufacturer of wall paints.
- Products webpage – www.sherwin.ru
One of the best manufacturers in Germany, which has been present on the paint and varnish market for many years. The scope of the enterprise is quite wide – it is the European markets and international trading platforms. The company occupies a prominent place in the domestic Russian market of paints for wood. The company has taken great responsibility for the entire production cycle of products, guaranteeing the safety of all paints, both in environmental terms and in other plans too. The fifth generation of the family keeps this safety.
Paint deserves special attention. Alpina Super resistant facadewhich is used for outdoor work. It is the best protection against wind and weather conditions. Thanks to special components, this dispersion paint has a dirt-repellent effect. The water-repellent effect and excellent resistance to ultraviolet radiation make the product very noticeable and in demand. The composition protects any surface from the formation of biological activity such as fungi, algae and mold.
- Products webpage – www.alpina-farben.ru
Features of caring for a painted surface
After completing the repair, do not rush to immediately wash and apply to the maximum to care for the surface. Within a month after drying, the coloring composition should get stronger, adapt to new walls.
For the first time, refuse to use various abrasive substances, as well as sponges and brushes with hard stickers. It is advisable not to stain the coating until completely solidified. Otherwise, you will have to repaint the wall, applying a second layer of paintwork materials over the entire area. If you try to paint over the contaminated fragment, then it will be visually visible.
Try to give preference to wipes containing cleaning solutions for wiping walls, while without the presence of ethyl alcohol.
Another very famous brand that belongs to to the international concern AkzoNobel, which specializes in the production of international level paint and varnish products. The company is a trendsetter among paint manufacturers, as it creates its own unique developments, implementing them and releasing even better products in terms of physical properties and quality. Paints are delivered to 26 countries of the world on all continents. These are Latin America, North America, Asia and of course the European continent.
For example, kitchen and bath wall paint DULUX Kitchen & Bathroom very popular among builders who carry out repairs in apartments or houses. The high resistance of the paint to moisture gives it special properties that allow you to create an excellent decorative coating in places with a high concentration of water. At the same time, the paint is resistant to stains, which is important in the bathroom or in the kitchen, where there is a high risk of such phenomena.
- Products webpage – www.dulux.ru
Types of paints and varnishes washable type
Washable paints belonging to household use must be resistant to various types of care and processing. These are the following options for facing materials.
It is better not to paint the ceiling surface with a foam roller, as a lot of paint flows from it. Source kraski-net.ru
A very popular option, which is usually used in conditions with increased requirements. This composition tolerates moisture well, is easy to apply, absolutely safe. Often used not only for the kitchen, bathroom and corridor, but also as a wall cladding for medical institutions (places where everything should be sterile).
This type of coating has several surface properties: matte, semi-gloss, glossy. The first two are diluted with water before application and gently applied to the selected surface in one layer in the same direction of roller movement.
Such a composition is considered a universal material. It is based on acrylic resin, which is mainly responsible for all the performance characteristics of the coating. As a result of using this type of paint, you can be sure that over time the coating will not change color, will not fade under the influence of ultraviolet rays.
Due to its moderate density, the composition is evenly applied to the staining surface, does not flow down, does not roll down. LKM contains safe components. If you need to change the shade, you can add pigment yourself. You need to make it according to the instructions, as shown on the packaging of the coloring agent.
Conducting an experiment using washable paint to determine the appropriate shade Source sense-life.com
This brand of wall paint from Finland belongs to the world famous concern Tikkurila. The international company is a leader in the production of truly high-end decoration products. Founded in 1862, the company is one of the oldest and has a colossal experience that will never catch up with manufacturers of less famous paints. Finncolor’s sales market is in Europe, Scandinavia and Russia. The latter is one of the main consumer markets with good development potential.
One of the company’s products Finncolor Mineral gamma used for painting facades of buildings and other structures with a mineral surface. The paint is highly resistant to weather conditions and will withstand fairly intense exposure to wind, rain, snow. It is an ideal product for the basement floors of a building. Since high resistance allows you to get excellent light fastness, hiding power and weather resistance. At the same time, the paint protects against a biological factor such as mold, algae or fungus.
- Products webpage – www.finncolor.ru
A Russian company with a rather rich history and vast experience gained since 1897. Then an enterprise was founded that produced tin products. Then, in the 1920-30s, the company began to manufacture chemicals, which later developed into the production of high-quality paints. The company can be safely attributed to the best manufacturers of wall paints, since the high degree of quality inherent in this one of the most respected enterprises is widely known in the domestic space.
For example, Interior paint EMPILS, which is widely used in many construction organizations for interior decoration, has simply wonderful properties. The composition can be applied to various types of surfaces, whether it is a brick wall or a concrete base. In addition, you can cover the wallpaper for painting or a wooden surface. The versatility of the paint makes it very popular and in demand.
- Products webpage – www.empils.ru
How to paint a wooden facade yourself
If there is a need to paint the facade in an already operated house, it is quite possible to do this work yourself. To do this, you need to take care of the availability of free time, it will take a lot. Purchase consumables in advance: a primer and paint in the right amount, a coloring pigment (color) and a solvent if necessary. Approximate consumption rates of the compositions and the service life of the coating in the table below.
Table 2. Consumption rates of compositions and service life of the coating
|Type of paintwork||Consumption (g/m²)||Service life (years)|
|Silicone||150 – 200||20 or more|
|Alkyd||100 – 120||twenty|
|Acrylic||130 – 200||15-20|
|Water dispersion||110 – 130||20 or more|
Scaffolding is very convenient for working at heights
In order to put the facade in order, in addition to materials, the following tools will be required:
- ladder or scaffolding,
- brushes of various widths
- angle grinder (grinder) with discs for grinding,
- putty knife,
- construction mixer with a nozzle for mixing paint.
Depending on the type of paint used, various personal protective equipment will be needed: gloves, a respirator, goggles.
Video – An example of incorrect painting of a wooden facade
The whole process takes place in 4 stages. At the same time, scrupulousness and attention are required to complete the work. It is important to do everything carefully, without leaving untreated places.
Stage 1. Removal of the old coating.This procedure is performed if there is an old paintwork coating. It needs to be removed. To do this, you can use spatulas, a metal brush, sandpaper or a grinder with a nozzle. There will be quite a lot of dust, so you should work with glasses and a respirator.
All work is carried out in dry, not hot weather. You will have to protect the entire area of \u200b\u200bthe facade, including the joints of logs or boards. In order for the work to be done efficiently and without delay, dismantle the elements of the drain, shutters and trim from the facade in advance. In addition to the old paint, dust and street dirt should be removed from the facade.
Important! Do not leave the old paint, even if the layer is firmly seated on the surface. Its service life will expire, and it will peel off along with the new coating.
Before painting the facade, remove the old coating
Stage 2. After the facade is cleaned of paint, the wood is sanded and puttied. If there are places of darkening, or foci of fungal infection are visible, the top layer of the material should be removed to a clean texture. The rest of the surface is leveled. Existing defects on the surface are eliminated by puttying. Before proceeding to the next activities, the putty must dry out. The putty material must be combined in composition with impregnation and paint.
The top layer of wood is cleaned and sanded
Stage 3. A deep penetration impregnation is applied to the cleaned wooden surface, the composition of which is selected depending on the characteristics requiring reinforcement. Usually, impregnation is applied with a wide brush, along the fibers, in order to preserve and emphasize the natural texture of wood.
Do not neglect priming, impregnation will not only improve the quality of the wood, but will increase the adhesion of the paint to the surface, while reducing the amount of material consumed. Even despite the fact that wood primers have a rather high price, their use justifies itself. Before applying the paint, the impregnation must dry, the period of complete drying is indicated by the manufacturer on the packaging.
For longer operation, the tree should be impregnated with certain compounds.
Stage 4. Before starting work, ask about the long-term weather forecast. Rain is not suitable for coloring, just like heat. In addition, work should be carried out in the daytime, when the dew has either already evaporated or has not yet settled, that is, from 10 am to 6 pm. The paint is applied in several layers along the fibers. Each next layer should be applied only after the previous one has dried.
For painting a wooden facade, a wide brush is usually used.
Video – Technology for painting a wooden facade
Some nuances of coloring
It would seem that the process is quite simple and transparent. But here, as elsewhere, there are nuances:
- If the facade has external metal fasteners, then before priming and painting, they should be puttied with an oil or acrylic composition to match the color of the tree. Such work will be especially relevant if the finish coating is planned to be made transparent.
- If you carefully approach the issue, then you can use several impregnating compounds, water-repellent impregnation is applied last.
- For better surface quality, after the impregnation dries, the wood should be sanded from small roughness and pile.
You can improve the quality of a wooden surface by sanding the wood after applying a primer.
How to paint the walls of a new wooden house outside
Here, too, there are few recommendations – acrylic or alkyd paint, if the tree is of ordinary species, glazing impregnations or azures, if the finish is made of valuable wood with a good pattern. The primer is made only if it is provided by the manufacturer.
In any case, you can paint the house outside only on dry wood in warm weather, but not in direct sunlight. Any work on painting a wooden house should be done only when the wood is completely dry.
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Different texture for different tasks
In addition to composition, paints are also divided by texture. There are three common options:
- matte paints – the paint does not shine, well suited for a calm design. It is considered a universal option, does not fade for many years;
- glossy paints – bright paint that visibly shines. It is important to apply on a perfectly even base, as any roughness will be noticeable;
- mother-of-pearl paints – paint that seems to shimmer on the surface.
It is worth choosing the texture wisely, as it affects the design no less than the color of the paint.